Political legal and ethical factors affecting business

The Economic factors affecting business environment Article shared by Business, now-a-days is vitally affected by the economic, social, legal, technological and political factors. These factors collectively form business environment. Business environment, as such, is the total of all external forces, which affect the organisation and operations of business.

Political legal and ethical factors affecting business

The APA ethics code is not the sole publication related to ethical matters within the APA, though it Political legal and ethical factors affecting business the only enforceable document.

A number of guidelines for practitioners provide additional assistance in maintaining high standards of care. APA guidelines are created and updated as deemed necessary, and all are available online.

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Readers may wonder why we focus relatively less on psychiatry, as opposed to the other mental health professions. Many commentators have noted a general decline in the frequency of psychiatrists practicing as psychotherapists Gabbard, ; Koocher, ; Sharfstein,and this is particularly true with respect to family therapy — an area in which they typically have little or no training.

As we proceed, we will encounter many situations in which clear answers about the ideal ethical resolution will remain elusive. We will encounter gray or questionable areas where ethical codes do little to help us address specific challenging contextual issues.

Documenting the steps you have followed and your rationale for any decisions made will also help to show that you engaged in a thoughtful, deliberate approach should problems later arise.

Family Roles and the Legal Status of Children We consider a family in its simplest form to consist of two adults who have forged some type of mutual commitment. This dyad may or may not have legal recognition as a marriage, but the parties have agreed to some degree of obligation and loyalty to each other.

The depth and meaning of the commitment and how it manifests itself vary widely as a function of social, cultural, and religious values. As we discuss such relationships, we will refer to the unit as a couple. The nuclear family refers to a parent or couple and their dependent children.

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Often treatment may involve more complex relationships involving other relatives who generally reside in the same household. In some instances, therapists choose to bring in extended family members such as grandparents to address particular concerns.

Legal recognition of family status comes up as an issue in treatment under many different circumstances. In general, a child born to a woman who is married to a man will be legally presumed to be the child of both.

This legal presumption may not hold if the heterosexual couple is unmarried, or if the husband legally contests paternity. The law with respect to gay marriage and associated family rights continues to evolve rapidly across state jurisdictions despite the Supreme Court ruling in Obergefell v.

In such situations, a second-parent adoption process might be necessary to secure parental rights for both women. Following divorce, parents may have sole legal responsibility, shared legal responsibility, or no legal responsibility for their child as the result of a judicial ruling. Responsibility for a disabled child who has attained the age of majority or a disabled adult family member may require a legal declaration of incapacity and appointment of a guardian.

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In some case vignettes, as described later in this course, minor children can have themselves declared legally independent of their parent s.

For all of these reasons, therapists who work with children or incompetent adults will need to have a good understanding of the relevant laws in their jurisdictions and the legal status of their clients. As we shall detail, clarification of the legal status of clients and the authority of those consenting to treatment becomes particularly important in any situation other than that of a marital dyad bringing their own biological or legally adopted children into family therapy.

In other contexts, the therapist will want to document good faith efforts to assure adequate consent or authorized permission for treatment by those with legal authority. What About Assertive Minors? It may seem obvious to note that many families include children, and children differ from adults in many ways that raise special ethical considerations when they fold into the treatment mix.

These include their legal status as minors, socialization influences, cognitive abilities, physical development, and financial dependence. The concept of a legal minor had its origins in property and protective rights by controlling the age at which children could be held legally and financially liable.

Minor status precludes signing contracts, drinking alcoholic beverages, voting, marriage and other adult prerogatives. The age range can vary from 18 to 21 across jurisdictions, and certain lower age thresholds are recognized for some activities e.

International standards vary widely, and therapists should take that into consideration when encountering immigrant or refugee families. The legal requirements in the jurisdiction wherein the treatment takes place will apply, requiring that the therapist remains mindful of standards and educates families to nuances that may affect treatment.

In some instances, underage children can seek a court declaration of emancipation or mature minor status in order to exercise responsibilities independently. One such highly publicized case involved a world-champion gymnast. Two years later, at age 17, she left home and sought legal emancipation from her parents in order to regain control over money she had earned as a professional gymnast.

In court and television interviews, she stated that her abusive and controlling father had squandered her considerable earnings. The court approved her petition for emancipation and control of her finances Longman, ; Moceanu, Socialization influences, cognitive decision-making, and limitations in future-oriented reasoning can also play an important role in compromising the ability of a child to make fully independent decisions.

Consider the challenging case of Ricky Ricardo Green.Generally, it is agreed that there are five dimensions to the business environment that influence performance.

These dimensions are: a) Economic b) Social c) Technological d) Political and e) Legal. Political. Political forces include regulatory requirements, legal concerns, and any impact from the current political climate of the country or region where the business operates.

There is many similarities between ethical and legal factors affecting business. Business ethics and ethical business practices. Business ethics deals with moral issues (beliefs, norms, values, etc.) found in the business.

It should be noted that business ethics is a term with quite a multifaceted meaning. A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.

Political legal and ethical factors affecting business

ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. Legal factors affecting business include all regulatory and law determinants that can negatively or positively affect results of market actions and decisions of management of company functioning in particular country.

Companies also study environmental, legal, ethical and demographical factors. The political factors affecting business are often given a lot of importance. Several .

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