Essay on urban poverty in india

Poverty in India Meaning Poverty means that people who are situated by deprived of basic necessities of life. Those people not have basic needs like food, cloth, and shelter i. There is lack of essential needs in life for subsistence in all state privation. Most of the people are not getting essential needs and them also not getting two meals a day.

Essay on urban poverty in india

In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: The Concept of Poverty 2.

In India, as per government reports, monthly per capita consumption expenditure is Rs. per person in rural areas and Rs. per person in urban areas. This data is currently being accepted as the poverty threshold of the country. Free Essay: Poverty has been a serious and a long-lasting issue in India. India is set to become a global economic power in decades to come. The hype of this. Useful Essay on Poverty in India! The problem of poverty is considered as the biggest challenge to development planning in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development.

Absolute and Relative Poverty 3. Recent Poverty Debate in India 5. Poverty Differential among Different States in India 6. Poverty Alleviation Programmes 7. Economic Reforms and Poverty Eradication Programme 8.

The Concept of Poverty: Poverty is a peculiar problem from which various countries of the world, particularly the Third World, have been suffering.

There cannot be a common definition of poverty which can be broadly accepted everywhere. Thus there are large differences between the definitions of poverty accepted in various countries of the world. Leaving aside all these differences it can be broadly said that poverty is a situation where a section of the society, having no fault of their own, is denied of even basic necessities of life.

In a country, where a chunk of the population is deprived of even minimum amenities of life since long period, the country is suffering from a vicious circle of poverty. Poverty is considered as the greatest challenge faced by the societies in the third world countries.

Poverty is also concerned with the comparison with respect to a fixed line—known as poverty line. However, the poverty line is fixed extraneously and, therefore, remains fixed for a certain period.

Normally poverty is defined with poverty line. Now the question which is relevant at this point is What is the poverty line and how is it fixed?

The answer to the question is that the poverty line is a cut-off point on the line of distribution, which usually divides the population of the country as poor and non-poor. Accordingly, people having income below the poverty line are called poor and people with income above poverty line are called non-poor.

Accordingly, this measure, i. Moreover, while fixing a poverty line we must take adequate care so that the poverty line is neither too high nor too low rather it should be reasonable one. However, in India we determine our poverty line on the basis of private consumption expenditure for buying both food and non-food items.

Thus it is observed that in India, poverty line is the level of private consumption expenditure which normally ensures a food basket that would ensure the required amount of calories. Accordingly, the average caloric requirements for rural and urban person are fixed at 2, and 2, calories respectively.

Poverty in India - Wikipedia

Thus, the required amount of calories would normally coincide with one of the class- interval or will fall between two intervals.

Using inverse interpretation method, one can find amount of consumption expenditure at which the minimum calorie requirement is met. This amount of consumption expenditure to meet the minimum calorie requirement for person is called the poverty line.

In India, broadly accepted definition of poverty emphasises more on minimum level of living rather than on reasonable level of living. Accordingly, it is broadly agreed that poverty can be termed as a situation where a section of the population fails to reach a certain minimum consumption standard.

Differences arise with the fixing of this minimum consumption standard.

Poverty in India Essay Sample

After a thorough examination, the study group set up by the Planning Commission in July recommended a standard of private consumption expenditure of Rs 20 at prices per capita per month as the bare minimum amount common to both rural and urban areas.

Various researchers like B. Vaidyanathan also made their study on the basis of this definition. But other researchers like Dandekar and Rath, PK.

Bardhan and Ahluwalia made their study on the basis of their own definition of poverty. The Task Force defined the poverty line as the mid-point of the monthly per capita expenditure class which have a daily calorie intake of 2, per person in the rural areas and 2, in urban areas of the country.

Accordingly, the minimum desirable standard was worked out at Rs 76 for the rural areas and Rs 88 for urban areas at prices.

Essay on urban poverty in india

There is definitely some logic in this argument. The entire world economy now considers poverty as their great enemy. In India, the problem of poverty is still quite acute. Most of them were of the opinion that the benefits of a high and sustained growth of the economy will eventually take care of bulk of the poor population of the country.

But by the end of s, it became quite clear that the benefits of growth could hardly trickle down and institutional reforms adopted in the country were strangled by vested class interests.Race, Urban Poverty, and Public Policy Essay - The problems of race and urban poverty remain pressing challenges which the United States has yet to address.

Changes in the global economy, technology, and race relations during the last 30 years have necessitated new . In its annual report of , the Reserve Bank of India named the state of Goa as having the least poverty of % while the national average stood at % The table below presents the poverty statistics for rural, urban and combined percentage below poverty line (BPL) for each State or .

Free Essay: Poverty has been a serious and a long-lasting issue in India. India is set to become a global economic power in decades to come. The hype of this. Poverty in India Meaning. Urban poverty in India. Most of the people are living in the urban area because of the poverty. The most growing and developing countries.

But there is day by day population is increasing.

Essay on Poverty for Children and Students

Urban population has so much poverty. IAS Paper × ×. Discuss The Conceptualization Of Poverty, Urban Poverty As Well As Human Development This essay will discuss the conceptualization of poverty, urban poverty as well as human development.

It will focus on the factors that affected South Africa reflecting. The initiatives taken to deal with the problem of urban poverty has not yielded the desired results. Poverty in rural India: It is said that rural India is the heart of India.

In reality, the life of people living in rural areas is marked with severe poverty.

Essay on Poverty in India