Back pains Mild bleeding such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising A more severe type of dengue fever known as dengue hemorrhagic fever causes easy bruising of skin or bleeding of gums and the digestive tract. It is also characterised by enlargement of the liver and the circulatory system. Another type of dengue fever known as dengue shock syndrome can occur after the hemorrhagic one. It is a serious condition that causes heavy bleeding and low blood pressure.
Send by post Dengue fever is a viral disease spread only by certain mosquitoes — mostly Aedes aegypti or "dengue mosquitoes", which are common in tropical areas around the world. Towns in north Queensland that have Aedes aegypti are prone to outbreaks of dengue when the virus is brought in by travellers.
While some towns in central and south Queensland also have dengue mosquitoes, they have had no dengue outbreaks in recent years. Between outbreaks, Australia is free of dengue fever, but continuous efforts to control the mosquitoes are needed to keep it that way.
Local Aedes aegypti are not normally infected with the virus, unless they have bitten a person sick with dengue. There are four types of dengue virus, numbered 1 to 4.
After infection, a person is immune only to that particular type. Further infections with a different type have a higher chance of severe or complicated dengue.
The illness lasts up to a week. In some cases, fever and possibly worse symptoms may return for another two to three days. Dengue ranges from mild or unnoticed more often in childrento severe or even fatal cases. Complications include shock collapse from internal fluid loss and haemorrhage heavy bleeding.
See a doctor immediately if you or anyone in your family have symptoms of dengue. Make sure you get enough to drink, even if you cannot eat. Avoid mosquito bites so you don't spread the disease - use insect repellent and coils or plug-in mosquito repellent devices inside.
Stay in a screened or air-conditioned room where possible. Have someone stay home to look after you. Use paracetamol alone or with codeine for pain.
Don't exceed the recommended dose. Avoid aspirin, ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory drugs - they increase the chance of bleeding. Ring or visit your doctor if you get worse and experience any of the following: Some people with dengue need urgent hospital treatment for complications such as shock or haemorrhage.
Deaths are rare in Australia. Prevention and Control In all dengue-prone areas - get rid of breeding sites: Dengue mosquitoes are different to bush or swamp mosquitoes - they breed in containers and junk.
Remove all breeding sites around your home and workplace. Dengue mosquitoes develop in anything that holds water at home: Neglected rainwater tanks, boats, tubs or pools can breed thousands of dengue mosquitoes.Most dengue infections result in a relatively mild illness, but some can progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever.
With dengue hemorrhagic fever, the blood vessels start to leak and cause bleeding from the nose, mouth, and gums. Bruising can be a sign of bleeding inside the body. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: Information for Health Care Practitioners: DVBID (Excerpt) Classic dengue fever is characterized by acute onset of high fever, frontal headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgias, arthralgias, nausea, vomiting, and often a maculopapular rash.
The major symptom of dengue is high along with severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, joint pain, muscle and/or bone pain, rash, mild bleeding of the nose or gums, easy bruising, a low white cell count, and a low platelet count.
About 15% of people who have mild symptoms will develop severe symptoms after they start feeling better, including a high fever, jaundice (your skin and the whites of your eyes turn yellow), and.
Mild dengue fever causes chills, high fever (that lasts about five to seven days), rash, severe headache, pain behind the eyes and muscle and joint pain (3, 4). The severe joint pain has given dengue the name "Breakbone Fever" (3).
Dengue Fever Causes & Symptoms: What is dengue? Dengue is a type of fever which caused by the bite of mosquito due to the transmittance of virus from a mosquito bite. The other name for Dengue fever are breakbone fever or dandy fever, these names are because in dengue fever people suffer from the severe muscles and joint pain which is quite difficult to bear.