Child and adolescent development essay example

Klaus-Peter Adler Definition Individual differences in human motivation and emotion that appear early in life, usually thought to be biological in origin. Temperament is sometimes considered the biological or physiological component of personality, which refers to the sum total of the physical, emotional, mental, spiritual, and social dimensions of an individual. Description History Ancient Greek and Roman physicians invoked nature, claiming that the proportions of the various humors or fluids in the bodies influenced personality. They thought that there were four basic temperaments—sanguine cheerfulcholeric irritablemelancholic gloomyand phlegmatic apathetic —which were determined by the predominance of blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm respectively in the person's physical constitution.

Child and adolescent development essay example

The Microsystem The microsystem is the small, immediate environment the child lives in. Children's microsystems will include any immediate relationships or organizations they interact with, such as their immediate family or caregivers and their school or daycare.

How these groups or organizations interact with the child will have an effect on how the child grows; the more encouraging and nurturing these relationships and places are, the better the child will be able to grow.

Furthermore, how a child acts or reacts to these people in the microsystem will affect how they treat her in return. Each child's special genetic and biologically influenced personality traits, what is known as temperament, end up affecting how others treat them.

This idea will be discussed further in a later document about child temperament. The Mesosystem Bronfenbrenner's next level, the mesosystem, describes how the different parts of a child's microsystem work together for the sake of the child. For example, if a child's caregivers take an active role in a child's school, such as going to parent-teacher conferences and watching their child's soccer games, this will help ensure the child's overall growth.

In contrast, if the child's two sets of caretakers, mom with step-dad and dad with step-mom, disagree how to best raise the child and give the child conflicting lessons when they see him, this will hinder the child's growth in different channels.

The Exosystem The exosystem level includes the other people and places that the child herself may not interact with often herself but that still have a large affect on her, such as parents' workplaces, extended family members, the neighborhood, etc.

For example, if a child's parent gets laid off from work, that may have negative affects on the child if her parents are unable to pay rent or to buy groceries; however, if her parent receives a promotion and a raise at work, this may have a positive affect on the child because her parents will be better able to give her her physical needs.

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The Macrosystem Bronfenbrenner's final level is the macrosystem, which is the largest and most remote set of people and things to a child but which still has a great influence over the child. The macrosystem includes things such as the relative freedoms permitted by the national government, cultural values, the economy, wars, etc.

These things can also affect a child either positively or negatively.Feb 16,  · View and download adolescent development essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your adolescent development essay.

Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development | Simply Psychology

2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. Autonomy versus shame and doubt is the second stage of Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. This stage occurs between the ages of 18 months to approximately 3 years.

Several theories have been developed from the five major perspectives used to research child development. These perspectives include psycho Fair Use Policy Child and Adolescent Development.

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Free Essay: Adolescence is a period of physical and psychological development from the onset of puberty to maturity. The adolescent is no longer a child, but.

Child and adolescent development essay example

Shattered Bonds is a thoughtful essay in three parts regarding the gap between what we as a society think we mean by child “protection” and “welfare,” and what actually happens as a result of the Child Protective System and the.

Below is an essay on "Child and Adolescent Development" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN EARLY CHILDHOOD AND THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT.

Adolescence - Wikipedia