An analysis of macbeth as a play full of darkness evil and tragedy

Darkness, Evil and Tragedy Macbeth is a play full of darkness, evil, and tragedy.

An analysis of macbeth as a play full of darkness evil and tragedy

Origins[ edit ] Macbeth's Hillock, near Brodie Castle is traditionally identified as the "blasted heath" where Macbeth and Banquo first met the "weird sisters". The name "weird sisters" is found in most modern editions of Macbeth.

However, the First Folio 's text reads: The weyward Sisters, hand in hand, Posters of the Sea and Land In later scenes in the first folio the witches are called "weyward", but never "weird".

The modern appellation "weird sisters" derives from Holinshed's original Chronicles. The Wiktionary etymology for "weird" includes this observation: It survived in Scots, whence Shakespeare borrowed it in naming the Weird Sisters, reintroducing it to English.

The senses "abnormal", "strange" etc. In Holinshed, the future King Macbeth of Scotland and his companion Banquo encounter "three women in strange and wild apparell, resembling creatures of elder world" who hail the men with glowing prophecies and then vanish "immediately out of their sight".

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Holinshed observes that "the common opinion was that these women were either the Weird Sisters, that is… the goddesses of destiny, or else some nymphs or fairies endued with knowledge of prophecy by their necromantical science.

Not only had this trial taken place in Scotland, witches involved confessed to attempt the use of witchcraft to raise a tempest and sabotage the very boat King James and the Queen of Scots were on board during their return trip from Denmark.

An analysis of macbeth as a play full of darkness evil and tragedy

This is evidenced by the following passages: The news pamphlet states: Moreover she confessed that at the time when his Majesty was in Denmark, she being accompanied with the parties before specially named, took a Cat and christened it, and afterward bound to each part of that Cat, the cheefest parts of a dead man, and several joints of his body, and that in the night following the said Cat was conveyed into the midst of the sea by all these witches sailing in their riddles or Cues as aforesaid, and so left the said Cat right before the Town of Leith in Scotland: Moreover, they were depicted as more fair than foul both in Holinshed's account and in that of contemporary playgoer Simon Forman.

The prophecies have great impact upon Macbeth. As the audience later learns, he has considered usurping the throne of Scotland. The Witches next appear in what is generally accepted to be a non-Shakespearean scene,[ citation needed ] 3.

Hecate orders the trio to congregate at a forbidding place where Macbeth will seek their art. The meeting ends with a "show" of Banquo and his royal descendants. The Witches then vanish. Analysis[ edit ] The Three Witches represent evil, darkness, chaos, and conflict, while their role is as agents and witnesses.

Their presence communicates treason and impending doom.

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During Shakespeare's day, witches were seen as worse than rebels, "the most notorious traitor and rebel that can be". Much of the confusion that springs from them comes from their ability to straddle the play's borders between reality and the supernatural.

They are so deeply entrenched in both worlds that it is unclear whether they control fate, or whether they are merely its agents.

They defy logic, not being subject to the rules of the real world. Indeed, the play is filled with situations in which evil is depicted as good, while good is rendered evil. The line "Double, double toil and trouble," often sensationalised to a point that it loses meaningcommunicates the witches' intent clearly: By placing this thought in his mind, they effectively guide him on the path to his own destruction.

This follows the pattern of temptation attributed to the Devil in the contemporary imagination: Macbeth indulges the temptation, while Banquo rejects it. Most of these lines were taken directly from Thomas Middleton 's play The Witch.

David Garrick kept these added scenes in his eighteenth-century version. The witches in his play are played by three everyday women who manipulate political events in England through marriage and patronage, and manipulate elections to have Macbeth made Treasurer and Earl of Bath.

The entire play is a commentary on the political corruption and insanity surrounding the period. As with earlier versions, the women are bystanders to the murder of Banquo, as well as Lady Macbeth 's sleepwalking scene.

An analysis of macbeth as a play full of darkness evil and tragedy

Their role in each of these scenes suggests they were behind Macbeth's fall in a more direct way than Shakespeare's original portrays.

The witches encroach further and further into his domain as the play progresses, appearing in the forest in the first scene and in the castle itself by the end.

Directors often have difficulty keeping the witches from being exaggerated and overly-sensational. The production strongly suggests that Lady Macbeth is in league with the witches.

One scene shows her leading the three to a firelight incantation. Once Macbeth is King and they are married, however, she abandons him, revealing that she was not Lady Duncan all along, but a witch.What's on SparkNotes.

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Macbeth: Darkness, Evil and Tragedy Macbeth is a play full of darkness, evil, and tragedy. It is the story of a man who goes against his conscience and commits a horrible deed which leads to his destruction and loss of everything he has around him.

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Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Macbeth: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. In Macbeth, William Shakespeare's tragedy about power, ambition, deceit, and murder, the Three Witches foretell Macbeth's rise to King of Scotland but also prophesy that future kings will descend .

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